Due to economic immigrant in the beginning of 1980s accompanying with the industrialization at that time, present population structure of
Macau appears a wave style. Many people in the age range between 45 and 55. Part of them came to
Macau 20 years ago, as the main production force in manufacture and construction sector at that day, and become marginal labor in the post-industrialization society nowadays.
Very few people in the age range between 20 and 35. They have better chance to earn high salary in the gambling industry. Casino investor complaint there is shortage of labor in this age range.
Comparatively many people in the age range between 15 and 20. Part of them belongs to the second generation of immigrant in the beginning of 1980s. Some of them did not finish secondary education while we did not provide free education for them in time. Comparatively few people in the age range less then 15.
Methodology is a problem in the present research and estimate of human resource needed in
Macau. Some estimates of the amount of human resource needed are based on an assumption that: Amount of human resource shortage equal to the Sum of all human resource needed by all new investment project minus the Natural net growth of local human resource.
This assumption is not realistic because there will be elimination through competition in the market. Some new investment projects may be fail, some old projects in the same industry or in other industry may leave the market.
Moreover, we must keep in mind that land leasing in extremely cheap price by the government during 2004 and 2006 has induced over-investment, which may produce hard competition in hotel industry and property market in the coming decade. Increasing trend of tourist from mainland
China will suffer with a dissipation effect, while rich people in mainland
China will choose farther places for traveling.
Government of Macau SAR always reacts positively to the demand of immigrant labor in economic sector. Amount of immigrant labor increased from
25000 in 2003 to more than 75000 nowadays.
Not permit immigrant labor in specific sector become a very powerful government “policy”. No immigrant labor in the sector of casino dealers is one of significant example. This “policy” let the casino dealers enjoy relatively high income, and successfully prevent form labor struggle action in this sector during the rapid growth of casino industry.
However, deep contradiction is developing here. Investor of casino has trained and is training a lot of casino dealers in mainland
China, waiting for chance to
Casino dealers with potential and profound experience complain that their revenue is almost the same as the new dealers whose ability and performance cannot compare with them in anyway. Pin-manager and other higher position in casino will not provide to local dealers with potential and profound experience, because the casino investor need local labor in the dealer position, while pin-managers may be immigrant labor. Someday, the government will allow immigrant labor in the sector of casino dealer, under strongly support by the casino dealers with potential and profound experience, in order to increase their promotion chance. It is not easy to prevent form labor struggle action in the gambling industry in long run.
Macau SAR did pay sufficient attention to human resource needed in economic activity, but neglect the necessary of social service. If we want to save the life quality in this city and to maintain a necessary development of social service accompanying with the population and economic development, we cannot rely on market force. The government should allocate resource to improve the economic and social position of the professional human resource in social service sector. The government should create suitable environment for development of the human resource of teachers, doctors, nurses, and social workers, instead of paying attention to the labor demand of economic activity only.